Universal Silencers

Rotary Blower Silencers

CB Series Inlet or Discharge Silencer for Positive Displacement Blowers
Approximately 1/3 the size of conventional blower silencers.  Reduces overall package noise without further accoustic treatment.
CBF/CBFI SERIES Compact Blower Inlet Filter-Silencer
Filter and silencer combined in one unit. The CBF and CBFI have the acoustic performance of the Universal Silencer RIS series and the filtration performance of the CC series filters.
UCI Series Inlet Silencers
Chamber-type inlet silencer for use on sub-critical PLV applications. Available in pipe size 8" thru 30". (For smaller sizes use URB Series). Available with side connections and mounting brackets.
UCD Series Discharge Silencers and URB & URD Series Discharge Silencers
Chamber -type discharge silencer for use on sub-critical PLV applications. Available in pipe sizes 8" thru 30". (For smaller sizes use URB Series.) Low, high or opposed side connections and mounting brackets available.
RIS Series Inlet Silencers
Combination chamber-absorptive type inlet silencer for critical PLV applications. Available in pipe sizes 2" thru 30". Low or high side outlet and mounting brackets available on most sizes.
SD Series and RD Series Discharge Silencers
Combination chamber-absorptive type discharge sileners for critical PLV applications. Available in pipe sizes 2" thru 30". Low, high or opposed side connections and mounting brackets, available on most sizes.
Also See Application, Capacity, Pressure Drop Data
Rotary Positive Blowers

The Rotary Positive Blower is a two impeller compressor that delivers a large quantity of gas or air relative to the individual pulses. Blower capacities are expressed in CFM at expressed as gear diamotor thy rotor Iength. Pitch Line Velocity (PLV) is the peripheral velocity of the timing gear-equal to the product of the gear circumference and the rotative speed of the blower, usually expressed in feet per minute (FPM).

The blower presents two problems:

  1. pulsation within the piping system and,
  2. noise radiation in the vicinity of the blower and piping.

The importance of these relative to each other is a function of blower size and speed; both increase proportionately to the blower size and the square of the speed.

Pulsation is more pronounced on the discharge side. Peak pulse pressures are quite severe and can result in unsilenced discharge sound power levels up to 140-145 dB. The Inlet, although producing less severe pulsation and noise, receives equal attention since the inlet is usually open to atmosphere and the noise much more apparent.


There is little question that silencers are a necessity on any blower Installation. Regardless of the size or speed of the blower, silencers of some type are nearly always used.

In the selection of blower silencers, there are two basic considerabons:1) the silencer must be the correct size (i.e., suffrcient capacity for the volume flow) and, 2) the silencer must be the proper type for the application. The nominal silencer size need only be based on the gas volume, (i.e., the CFM of the gas or air at the operating conditions). However, the silencer (design) must be selected with consideration of the blower size and operating speed.

There are two types of silencers commonly used on positive blowers: a reactive type silencer which consists of a series of expansion chambers having interconnecting tubes, a more sophisticated silencer design. is the combination chamber-absorptive type. This combination silencer is similar to the reactive type with the exception that an Acoustically-packed, sound absorbing section is included, comprising an extension of the silencer connection closest to the blower. The inlet of a discharge silencer and the outlet of an inlet silencer are the ends having the packed section.

A third basic type of silencer - the simple, straight-through packed types occasionally used on blowers. This type of silencer is usually used on small, high speed machines which characteristically produce significant high frequency noise and relatively mild pulsations.

The PLV is normally the criterion for silencer type selection. If the blower is operating in the critical PLV range, it will generate objectionable high frequency noise which may cause shell ring or tank hammer in the piping and silencer. These critical PLV conditions will always require a combination chamber-absorptive silencer for satisfactory results.

Inlet Silencers
For inlet service, a PLV of 3,300 ft/min or greater is considered critical. This transition speed is empirically established and Is somewhat arbitrary, however, it is commonly accepted that blowers operating at or above 3,300 ft/min are conuidered critical for the purpose of inlet silencer application. Those operating below 3,300 ft/min are considered subcritical. Subcrftical PLV applications can usually be silenced adequately with a chamber-type silencer, such as Universal URB or UCI Series. Blowers operating above the critical PLV of 3,300 ft/min will invariably require the RIS Series combination chamber­absorptive type silencer. Inlet Filters or Fitter Silencers are commonly used on blower inlets, either Individually or in series with a separate inlet silencer. Please reference the Filters and Filter Silencers section of this catalog for further information.
Discharge Silencers

For the more severe discharge conditions of typical blower installations, a PLV of 2,700 ft/min is accepted as the critical transition speed. Blowers operating below 2.700 ft/min are considered subcritical and can usually be adequately silenced on the discharge side by use of a chamber-type silencer UCD or URD Series. Machines operating above the 2700 ft/min transition speed will require combination chamber­absorptive silencers such as SD or RD Series.

In some larger blower installations, piping requirements or space restrictions may preclude the use of a large, single discharge silencer such as the SO or RD Series.

Where two or more blowers discharge into a common header, individual silencers upstream of the header are required to subdue the individual blower pulsations. Otherwise, the pulsations tend to beat with each other and can be extremely objectionable.

Note: Silencers should be mounted as close to the blower as possible since any piping between the blower and silencer will radiate noise. Standard silencer connections are not designed to carry external piping or valve loads, so good piping support practices should be used to prevent stresses that cause fatigue and eventual fracture of the silencer or piping. It is also good practice to isolate the blower from the silencer with a flexible expansion joint. Contact Universal Silencer for special design considerations where loading is a factor.

Attenuation Curves

Noise attenuation curves are given for the various models within this section. The curves represent insertion loss of airborne noise for typical applications under average conditions. It is not feasible to chart the expected performance of a silencer over a wide range of applications and conditions, therefore, the curves must be used with discretion. Structure-borne noise (see above) may be a consideration and will require separate analysis, since it is not airborne noise and not used for silencer performance rating.

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